1.5.1. Seat belts
Seat belts promote decrease in probability of heavy traumatizing at the road accidents and emergency brake application of the car. All seats are equipped with diagonal and zone seat belts. These belts are equipped with the inertial coil on which not used seat belt is involved. Inertial coils provide convenience to the driver and the passenger in usual traffic conditions. In case of collision of the car inertial coils block delivery of a belt and keep the driver and the passenger from dangerous movements. On back sitting diagonal and zone seat belts with inertial coils are established.
Three-point seat belts
The car is equipped with three-point seat belts with the mechanism of automatic winding and blocking which provide full freedom of movement, at the same time constantly densely pressing the sprung belts to a body. About the correct provision of a seat.
At strong acceleration or sharp braking of the car there is an instant blocking of belts.
Instructions for use of seat belts
Seat belts have to lie on those parts of a body where strong bones of a skeleton settle down. The belt has to pass over a pelvic bone, a thorax and a shoulder, but not to lie on a stomach.
It is necessary to adjust a seat belt so that it most densely adjoined to a body, and at the same time convenience of landing remained. Only in this case the seat belt will be able effectively to execute the protective function for the sake of which it is installed on the car. The sagging seat belt considerably reduces efficiency of passive protection of the passenger.
You watch that on straps of a seat belt polish, oil and other chemicals, especially the electrolyte used in the rechargeable battery did not get. For cleaning of seat belts use neutral soap and water. It is necessary to replace a seat belt if the strap is worn-out, polluted or has traces of damages.
It is necessary to replace surely a seat belt assembled if it was used by the driver or the passenger at strong collision of the car even if there are no visible signs of damage of a seat belt.
It is forbidden to use a seat belt if the strap is overwound.
Each seat belt has to be used only by one passenger at the same time. It is dangerous to fasten one seat belt of the passenger and the child sitting at it on a lap.
Any changes of a design of seat belts which break normal operation of devices for the automatic choice of weakening of a strap are forbidden or complicate adjustment of a belt for the purpose of elimination of its sagging.
Retraction of a belt on the inertial coil can be complicated if the strap and the intermediate directing bracket are polluted. Therefore you watch that the strap of a belt and the directing bracket were pure.
If the seat belt is involved on the coil, then it will work in the mode of emergency blocking. In this mode the seat belt does not break convenience of the passenger. In case of collision of the car the inertial coil blocks delivery of a seat belt which holds the passenger on the place. If completely to extend a seat belt from the coil, then it will switch in the mode of automatic blocking of a belt. If the strong tension of a belt is felt or it complicates the movements of the passenger on the motionless car or during driving, then switching of the inertial coil in the mode of automatic blocking after the belt was too strongly extended from the coil is the possible reason. To return the inertial coil to more convenient mode of emergency blocking, stop the car in the safe place on the horizontal platform and completely hand over a belt on the inertial coil. At the same time the coil will switch in the mode of emergency blocking of a belt. Then again extend a seat belt at necessary length to be fastened.
Stoppers of seat belts
The system of seat belts on front seats is equipped with stoppers of seat belts. At head-on and back collisions, since a certain severity of accident, locks of seat belts are attracted down, pulling at the same time belts.
The worked stoppers of locks of seat belts are specified by the burning signaling device.
If stoppers of seat belts worked, them it is necessary replace.
If seat belts are not damaged, then they keep the functionality and at the worked stoppers of seat belts.
Signaling device of stoppers of locks of belts
Stoppers of locks of seat belts together with systems of airbags of safety are controlled by electronic system, and indication of their functioning is carried out by means of the indicator on a guard of devices. At inclusion of ignition the signaling device lights up approximately on 4 pages. If it does not burn, does not die away through 4 Sealy lights up during the movement, so there was a malfunction in system of stoppers of locks of belts or systems of airbags of safety. Stoppers of locks of belts or airbags of safety can not work at accident.
Fastening of seat belts
Evenly extend a belt from the coil and, without overwinding, stretch it over a body.
Latch a buckle uvula in the lock.
The back of a front seat should not be inclined too strongly back as it negatively influences overall performance of seat belts. The recommended tilt angle makes about 25 °. The zone belt has to adjoin densely to a body without twisting. During a trip he should be brought up from time to time, extending a shoulder strap.
The zone belt (especially when fastening pregnant women) has to pass whenever possible below on hips to avoid pressure upon a stomach bottom.
The thick layer of outerwear breaks belt prileganiye density. The belt cannot be imposed on firm or fragile objects in clothes pockets (for example, keys, handles or points) as it can lead to injuries. Between a belt and a body there should be no objects, for example handbags or mobile phones.
Adjustment of height of the top directing element of forward and back belts
Slightly extend a belt.
Press the button on the movable regulator down.
Move the movable regulator up or down.
Fix the movable regulator before notable click.
Do not regulate belt height during the movement.
Adjust belt height so that it passed through a shoulder and densely adjoined to it. The belt should not pass on a neck or the top part of a hand at all.
Removal of a belt
For removal of a belt press the red button on the lock, the belt will automatically be reeled up on a roller.
Three-point seat belt of the average place of a back seat
The belt is extended from the pulling device only if the back of a back seat is recorded in vertical position in the holders.
Check of belts
All details of system of seat belts should be checked for absence of damage and working capacity from time to time. The damaged details stretched at accident belts and the worked stoppers of locks need to be replaced.
Change nothing in seat belts, their fastenings, automatic mechanisms of winding and in locks of belts.
Do not allow damage of seat belts by sharp objects or a zazhatiya of belts.